Pine trees (different species)
Main growing areas:
China, Brazil, Indonesia
Turpentine, also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps, is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin from live trees, mainly pines. It is mainly used as a solvent and as a source of materials for organic synthesis.
Turpentine is composed of terpenes, mainly the monoterpenes alpha-pinene and beta-pinene with lesser amounts of carene, camphene, dipentene, and terpinolene.